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Mathematics - Elementary Curriculum Mathematics Grade 5
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Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions (Standards 5.NF.1-2). Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to multiply and divide fractions (Standards 5.NF.3-7).

Standard 5.NF.3

Interpret a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator (a/b = a b). Solve real-world problems involving division of whole numbers leading to answers in the form of fractions or mixed numbers, through the use of visual fraction models or equations to represent the problem. For example, interpret 3/4 as the result of dividing three by four, noting that 3/4 multiplied by four equals three, and that when three wholes are shared equally among four people each person has a share of size 3/4. If nine people want to share a 50-pound sack of rice equally by weight, how many pounds of rice should each person get? Between what two whole numbers does your answer lie?

  • Area Model for Multiplication of Fractions
    In this lesson and activity students will use area models of fractions to understand how to multiply them. They will also make predictions about results, reduce answers to their simplest forms, and note any patterns they observe. NOTE: You have to create a Free PBS Account to view this web page, but it is easy to do and worth the effort.
  • Banana Pudding
    The purpose of this task is to provide students with a concrete situation involving a recipe that they can model by dividing a whole number by a unit fraction.
  • Calculator Trouble
    In this task students are told "Luke had a calculator that will only display numbers less than or equal to 999,999,999." They are then given a list of multiplication problems and asked which of them his calculator would display and they must explain their answer.
  • Chavone's Bathroom Tiles
    This task helps students link the concepts of multiplication and area.
  • Comparing a Number and a Product
    The purpose of this task is for students to compare a number and its product with other numbers that are greater than and less than one. As written, this task could be used in a summative assessment context, but it might be more useful in an instructional setting where students are asked to explain their answers either to a partner or in a whole class discussion.
  • Connor and Makayla Discuss Multiplication
    The purpose of this task is to have students think about the meaning of multiplying a number by a fraction and use this burgeoning understanding of fraction multiplication to make sense of the commutative property of multiplication in the case of fractions.
  • Converting Fractions of a Unit into a Smaller Unit
    In this task each of these problems students are given a set of a specified size and a specified number of subsets into which it is to be divided. The questions ask the student to find out the size of each of the subsets.
  • Dividing a Whole Number by a Unit Fraction
    In this lesson a visual model is used to help students learn how a fraction can be used to divide a whole number. NOTE: You have to create a Free PBS Account to view this web page, but it is easy to do and worth the effort.
  • Dividing by One-Half
    This task requires students to recognize both "number of groups unknown" and "group size unknown" division problems in the context of a whole number divided by a unit fraction.
  • Drinking Juice
    This is the question for this task: "Alisa had 1/2 a liter of juice in a bottle. She drank 3/4 of the juice that was in the bottle. How many liters of juice did she drink?"
  • Folding Strips of Paper
    The purpose of this task is to provide students with a concrete experience they can relate to fraction multiplication. The task also purposefully relates length and locations of points on a number line, a common trouble spot for students. This task is meant for instruction and would be a useful as part of an introductory unit on fraction multiplication.
  • Fraction Facts
    This lesson plan uses an online game to teach students how to perform the four basic operations on fractions.
  • Fundraising
    This task reads "Cai, Mark, and Jen were raising money for a school trip. Cai collected 2/12 times as much as Mark. Mark collected 2/3 as much as Jen. Who collected the most? Who collected the least? Explain."
  • Grade 5 Math Module 4: Multiplication and Division of Fractions and Decimal Fractions (EngageNY)
    Grade 5's Module 4 extends student understanding of fraction operations to multiplication and division of both fractions and decimal fractions. Work proceeds from interpretation of line plots which include fractional measurements to interpreting fractions as division and reasoning about finding fractions of sets through fraction by whole number multiplication. The module proceeds to fraction by fraction multiplication in both fraction and decimal forms. An understanding of multiplication as scaling and multiplication by n/n as multiplication by 1 allows students to reason about products and convert fractions to decimals and vice versa. Students are introduced to the work of division with fractions and decimal fractions. Division cases are limited to division of whole numbers by unit fractions and unit fractions by whole numbers. Decimal fraction divisors are introduced and equivalent fraction and place value thinking allow student to reason about the size of quotients, calculate quotients and sensibly place decimals in quotients. Throughout the module students are asked to reason about these important concepts by interpreting numerical expressions which include fraction and decimal operations and by persevering in solving real-world, multistep problems which include all fraction operations supported by the use of tape diagrams.
  • Grade 5 Unit 4: Adding, Subtracting, Multiplying, and Dividing Fractions (Georgia Standards)
    Students apply their understanding of fractions and fraction models to represent the addition and subtraction of fractions with unlike denominators as equivalent calculations with like denominators.
  • Grass Seedlings
    This task reads "The students in Raul’s class were growing grass seedlings in different conditions for a science project. He noticed that Pablo’s seedlings were 1 1/2 times a tall as his own seedlings. He also saw that Celina’s seedlings were 3/4 as tall as his own. Which of the seedlings shown below must belong to which student? Explain your reasoning."
  • Half of a Recipe
    Here is the question for this task: "Kendra is making 1/2 of a recipe. The full recipe calls for 3 1/4 cup of flour. How many cups of flour should Kendra use?"
  • How Many Servings of Oatmeal?
    This task provides a context for performing division of a whole number by a unit fraction.
  • How Much Pie?
    The purpose of this task is to help students see the connection between a÷b and a/b in a particular concrete example.
  • IXL Game: Mixed operations: fractions and mixed numbers
    This game will help fifth graders understand how to add, subtract, multiply, and divide fractions and mixed numbers. This is just one of many online games that supports the Utah Math core. Note: The IXL site requires subscription for unlimited use.
  • Making Cookies
    This task provides an opportunity to discuss unit conversion and rounding in a very realistic context.
  • Modeling Fraction and Mixed Number Division Using Arrays
    Students will learn how to solve word problems that involve dividing fractions and mixed numbers by using a visual model. NOTE: You have to create a Free PBS Account to view this web page, but it is easy to do and worth the effort.
  • Models for the Multiplication and Division of Fraction
    This lesson plan shows students what happens when they multiply and divide fractions by using visual area models. The students can also create their own models based on problems they solve.
  • Multiply Fractions Jeopardy
    This game can be played by one or two players as they solve multiplication problems with fractions.
  • Number and Operations - Fractions (5.NF) - Fifth Grade Core Guide
    The Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and educators around the state of Utah developed these guides for Fifth Grade Mathematics - Number and Operations - Fractions (5.NF)
  • Origami Stars
    The purpose of this task is to present students with a situation in which they need to divide a whole number by a unit fraction in order to find a solution. Calculating the number of origami stars that Avery and Megan can make illustrates students' understanding of the process of dividing a whole number by a unit fraction.
  • Painting a Room
    The purpose of this task is to provide students with a situation in which it is natural for them to divide a unit fraction by a non-zero whole number.
  • Painting a Wall
    The purpose of this task is for students to find the answer to a question in context that can be represented by fraction multiplication. This task is appropriate for either instruction or assessment depending on how it is used and where students are in their understanding of fraction multiplication.
  • Product of a Whole Number and a Fraction
    With the help of this video students will learn how to multiply a whole number and a fraction. A classroom activity involving money asks students practice this skill. NOTE: You have to create a Free PBS Account to view this web page, but it is easy to do and worth the effort.
  • Reasoning about Multiplication
    In this task a rule is posited "When you multiply by a number, you will always get a bigger answer." Students are asked for what numbers will the rule work? For what numbers will the rule not work? Explain and give examples.
  • Running a Mile
    Students are given this statement "Curt and Ian both ran a mile. Curt's time was 8/9 Ian's time." They must determine who ran faster, explain their answer and draw a picture.
  • Running to School
    This task asks for the solution to this problem: "The distance between Rosa's house and her school is 3/4 mile. She ran 1/3 of the way to school. How many miles did she run?"
  • Sharing Chocolate
    This task was designed to include specific features that support access for all students and align to best practice for English Language Learner (ELL) instruction.
  • Sharing Lunches
    This task requires students to think about how a single situation involving fractions can be accurately represented using addition or multiplication.
  • Standing in Line
    The purpose of this task is for students to solve a problem in context that can be solved in different ways, but in particular by dividing a whole number by a unit fraction.
  • To Multiply or Not to Multiply?
    In this task students are given some problems which can be solved by multiplying 1/82/5, while others need a different operation. Students are to select the ones that can be solved by multiplying these two numbers and for the remaining, tell what operation is appropriate. In all cases they must solve the problem (if possible) and include appropriate units in their answer.
  • What is 23 divided by 5?
    This task involves whole number division problems which do not result in a whole number quotient. It is important for students to be able to decide whether the context requires the result to be reported as a whole number with remainder or a mixed number/decimal.

UEN logo - in partnership with Utah State Board of Education (USBE) and Utah System of Higher Education (USHE).  Send questions or comments to USBE Specialists - Patricia  Stephens-French or Molly  Basham and see the Mathematics - Elementary website. For general questions about Utah's Core Standards contact the Director - Jennifer  Throndsen.

These materials have been produced by and for the teachers of the State of Utah. Copies of these materials may be freely reproduced for teacher and classroom use. When distributing these materials, credit should be given to Utah State Board of Education. These materials may not be published, in whole or part, or in any other format, without the written permission of the Utah State Board of Education, 250 East 500 South, PO Box 144200, Salt Lake City, Utah 84114-4200.