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Social Studies Curriculum Social Studies - World History
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WH Strand 5: REVOLUTIONS, INDUSTRIALIZATION, AND EMPIRES

(Ca. 1750 C.E.–1914 C.E.)

The era between 1750 and 1914 was filled with scientific, industrial, intellectual, cultural, technological, and political revolutions. The Industrial Revolution raised the standard of living for many, but also expanded inequalities between and within nations. New ideas about the role of government and national identities led to political innovation, with revolutions and independence movements occurring in North America, Latin America, and France. Elsewhere, earlier trends in colonization continued and intensified, with colonial empires integrating nearly all societies. Human migration occurred on a massive scale as demographic trends shifted, slavery declined, and industrialized centers demanded workers.

Possible Guiding Questions to Consider:

  • How did political events and philosophies in Great Britain influence later revolutions around the world?
  • How did independence movements in Latin America compare with that of the United States?
  • How did the independence movements and/or revolutions in the United States, Haiti, and France influence subsequent revolutions?
  • What is the difference between a political revolution, a social revolution, and an independence movement?
  • What are the global costs and benefits of the Industrial Revolution?
  • Were there cause-and-effect relationships between industrialization and imperialism?
  • What were the major “push” and “pull” factors that created global patterns in emigration and immigration?
  • What arguments were used to justify imperialism?
  • Paper Production
    This lesson is designed to help students understand how processes and jobs in developed countries have changed over time due to technology and mass production. Papermaking is used as an example of a craft that has become increasingly automated over time. Students will make paper by hand, and consider how mass production might improve product uniformity, quantity, and quality, while reducing cost.


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