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Magnetism - Science Language
Attract
The act of trying to come together.
Battery
A small device that stores energy in a chemical form.
Complete Circuit
All the connections including wires, a battery, and a device that uses energy such as a light bulb. In a complete circuit, these objects are all connected in a way that the device that uses energy is working.
Compass
An object with a small magnetic section that points toward the north pole of Earth.
Electromagnetism
Using electricity, wires, and an iron core to create a temporary magnet. It can be made powerful as needed.
Conductor
A material that allows electricity to go through it.
Current
The flow of electricity through a conductor.
Incomplete Circuit
All the connections including wires, a battery, and a device that uses energy such as a light bulb. In an incomplete circuit, these objects are missing part of the necessary connection and the device that uses energy does not work.
Insulator
A material which does not allow electricity to go through it.  
Load
A reference to the amount of devices which are in a circuit. More devices in the circuit increase the load.
Magnetic Field
The area around a magnet where you can detect the force of the magnet.
Magnetic Force
The strength of a magnetic field in a magnet.
Natural Magnet
An object which has a magnetic field around it. An example of a natural magnet is Magnetite.
Parallel circuit
When there are several paths for the current to follow.
Pathway
The area of a conductor through which a current is able to move.
Permanent Magnet
A man-made object with a magnetic field around it. It has parts that are usually labeled as North and South. It will keep its magnetism for a long period of time.
Power Source
A battery or other device which provides energy for a circuit.
Properties
The characteristics of an object.
Repel
The pushing apart of magnets that occurs when two north ends (or two south ends) of two magnets are brought close to each other.
Series circuit
When there is only one path for the electricity to follow.
Static Electricity
An electrical force which occurs as electrons are built up in an object.
Switch
The part of a circuit which can control whether electricity flows through the circuit or not.
Temporary Magnet
An object which has a magnetic field around it for a short period of time. An example of a temporary magnet is an electromagnet.

 

utah state board of education This Sci-ber Text was developed by the Utah State Board of Education and Utah educators.