This activity will help students determine if a bug is an insect or a spider.
- National Audubon Society, First Field Guide, Insects, Scholastic.
Background for Teachers
Most students think that a spider is an insect. Spiders and insects are both
invertebrate animals. Some invertebrates have a tough covering on the outside of their
bodies. This covering is called an exoskeleton. This group of animals are known as arthropods.
The characteristics or arthropods included jointed legs and a segmented body.
The arthropod group is divided up into different families of insects, spiders (arachnid),
millipedes and centipedes and shrimp, lobster and crabs. Insects make up most of this
group. Even though spiders are part of the arthropods group, they are very different from
insects. Insects have six legs, three main body parts, one or two pairs of wings and two
antennae. Arachnids are also arthropods. Spiders, crabs, scorpions and ticks are examples
of arachnids. They have eight legs and only one or two main body sections. Most
arachnids do not have wings and they do not have antennae.
Intended Learning Outcomes
1. Use science process and thinking skills
2. Manifest scientific attitudes and interests
3. Understand science concepts and principles
4. Communicate effectively using science language and reasoning
Invitation to Learn
Bring in live and/or dead examples of spiders and insects. Set up live insects and
spiders in their environment to give the students a chance to observe the insect moving
around. Dead insects will give the students a change to closely look at the insects' and
spiders' bodies. Let students look through the magnifying glass to make observations.
This will give you an opportunity to make an assessment of students' prior knowledge.
- As a class, tell the students that they will be learning about part of the
invertebrate group. Review the characteristics of invertebrates.
- Use the overhead
or construct on a
dry board the
diagram. (Do not
include the animals
of the two subcategories.
- Brainstorm with the students the families/groups of animals that fit into both
categories. Record them on the board in their proper categories.
- Tell the students that they will be classifying two groups: spiders and insects.
- Handout the "What's Bugging You" worksheet. Ask the students to look for similar and
different characteristics. If possible let the students look at live and dead
insects and spiders as part of their resources.
- Bring the students back together and discuss their findings. The students must
be able to justify their reasoning of separating the bugs. For your information
a list at the end of this activity has been provided. Complete the Venn diagram
for the spider and ant.
- Have the students answer the following question in their journal. Journal
entry: Today I learned about insects and spiders. When I look at a bug, how
can I determine if it is an insect or a spider?
- Have all of the students bring in one dead bug they have caught. (Make sure
that they are careful about poisonous bugs.) Make a bug collection by pinning
all the bugs to a cork board. Let the students label the bug that they brought in.
Make sure you have some resourceful books handy in case someone brings in
an uncommon bug. (ILOs 1, 2, 4)
- Literature - Charlotte's Web by E.B. White. How does the spider, Charlotte,
interact with her environment? What part of the story is true to facts about
spiders, and what parts are fictional? (Standard VIII, Objective 2)
Homework & Family Connections
- Go to the public library and checkout any invertebrate video to watch as a
family. Learn of the habitat and habits of the invertebrate. Discuss it with the
family and write notes about the invertebrate. Share it with your classmates.
- Look for different invertebrates in your yard. Take pictures of them or have a
field guide book to identify them. Write down their names and look them up in
a resource book to learn more about them.
- Show the students a picture of an uncommon insect or spider. See if they can
follow the same characteristic of classification. A good example would be a
scorpion, which is an arachnid. See if they can place a scorpion with a spider.
- Give the students a Venn Diagram to show their compare and contrast of spiders