These activities help students understand the concept of force and the effect it has on the motion of objects.
- Pocket Folder
- 3x5 cards
- Pencil, pens, markers
- Heavy paper
- Paper clips
- Paper punch
- Raffia, string or ribbon
- Physical Science for Children
All About Forces & Gravity, The Schlessinger Science Library; Physical Science for Children;
introduces all the vocabulary and has many demonstrations that cannot be duplicated in
the classroom. About 23 minutes long.
Do you know Your Child's Learning Style? Education Articles/Differentiated Learning, By Jane
Saeman, March 4,
Background for Teachers
These activities can be done outside, in the gym or in the classroom
-- just move the desks. Children will be using large muscle groups to
find out about gravity's power/force!
Intended Learning Outcomes
1. Use science process and thinking skills.
3. Understand science concepts and principles.
Invitation to Learn
Drop a stone (this stone should weigh about 15 pounds), plastic
ball, rubber ball and a large paper clip into a container of sand (the
container is about 24x16x8 with 3 inches of play sand in the bottom).
Examine the craters. Ask "why are some of the craters larger and
deeper than others?" "What made the objects fall toward Earth?"
"What would happen if we didn't have gravity?"
Then have the children partner measure from the floor to their
partner's knees (the average is approximately 17 inches). Show this on
a yard stick -- "it doesn't seem to be very far." "If it isn't very far then
why does it hurt so much when you fall down?"
Science Pocket Folder
- Read If; by Sarah Perry.
- Using the heavy paper, take the paper clip and straight-edge and
use them to score a line 2 inches up from each of the longer
sides, all the way across the paper. Scoring makes folding
- Fold both the edges toward the center of the paper and crease.
- On this same side, using the ruler (it is smaller) and paper clip
score a line every 4 inches. The score lines start at the top fold
and run all the way through to the second fold.
- Fold the paper, accordion style and crease.
- Punch a small hole (hole punch) in the middle of each of the
vertical edges about 3⁄4 inch in and half way down the vertical
edge; this will be used to thread and hold the book together.
- The 3x5 cards are used to list the vocabulary definitions:
||distance, force, gravity, weight, motion, speed,
direction, simple machine
- Each definition belongs in one of the pockets of the Science
Pocket Folder with room for the activity items seen later on.
- When the child does an experiment, at school or at home,
they can describe, in pictures or words, how this experiment
worked and place it behind the definition that they believe their
- The Science Pocket Folder has enough pockets that the tools
and instructions used in these experiments can be kept in the
pocket folder as well.
- The folder, cards with definitions, participation, drawings and
explanations are the final assessment. They are a fine item to
take home to parent(s) as well, and with the simple implements
intact, the children will be able to demonstrate the experiments
Gravity Specific Exercise
- Leg lifts; Have the children lay flat, cross their arms across their
chest (these cannot move) and raise their legs to a 45 degree
angle. This is not difficult, as the leg is in line with the hip and
rests or balances (forces are equal) there. Now have them try a
30 degree angle. It can't be held for long because of gravity.
- Balance; Have the children sit on the floor/ground and again
cross their hands across their chest (these cannot move). Next,
have them bend their knees and lift their feet off the floor.
They are trying to find a balance point on their pockets where
they can resist gravity and remain stable. Use a timer to see
how long people can remain balanced. Chart it!
- Human dominos; Children sit next to each other in one long
line; again the arms are across the chest (they cannot move).
Their shoulders should be touching their partner's shoulders.
Their knees are bent. Have the children raise their feet off the
ground and have one person tip to the right or left. Everyone
will fall like a group of dominos!
- Ant crawl; for two minutes have the girls then the boys ant
crawl. Their stomachs are towards the ceiling and they are
using their arms and legs to crawl around the area like an ant.
No one can do this for 2 minutes because gravity is pulling
them down. The only ones to make it were the ones who held
still and placed themselves in balance with the gravitational pull
- Tug of war; demonstrates balance of force and the force of
pulling. During the game, incline planes become obvious when
children brace themselves. Include ideas for integration for
other curricular areas (use appropriate subject area headings).
- The Science Pocket Folder will contain multiple options for
experimentation at home.
- This is where the 3x5 cards come into play. Give the children
4 cards (extras should be available, if necessary) and have them
draw or describe what happened in each of the above activities.
Then they place their cards behind the definition card in the
pocket folder. If the explanations are accurate; points are
Linksman M.Ed., Ricki, National Reading Diagnostics Institute, 2007. The Fine Line between
ADHD and Kinesthetic Learners. Association for Comprehensive Neuro Therapy
This was a comparison and contrast between children who have
been diagnosed with ADHD and children who require large muscle
involvement in their learning. Because of the required movement
they may well be kinesthetic learners not ADHD children. However,
our classrooms are usually geared to the children who learn via their
hearing (auditory) and eyesight (visual). It is sometimes very difficult
to incorporate the kinesthetic learner into the classroom, hence, the