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Mathematics Grade 6
Strand: EXPRESSIONS AND EQUATIONS (6.EE) Standard 6.EE.2
Translate verbal expressions to algebraic expressions
Enduring Understanding (Big
Algebraic expressions can represent words
Write algebraic expressions for words
algebraic expressions, variable, substitute, words for operations such as sum, difference, product and quotient, etc.
Ways to Gain/Maintain Attention (Primacy):
Sketches, games, journaling
Write an algebraic expression to model each of the following:
Lesson Segment 1: How does the result change when the value of the variable is changed?
Q. What does it man to substitute something? Tell story of making punch and substituting salt for sugar. Q. How would the substitute change the outcome? We can substitute value in algebraic expressions. Lets do some mental substitution. Read each expression and the value to substitute. Have the students stand as soon as they know the value of the expression after the substitution.
Q. In the mental problems we just did, would the value of the expression have been the same if we had changed the substitute?
Evaluating Expressions Bingo
First: Have students arrange the numbers in their Bingo Game (see directions on attached worksheet).
Next: Model two or three substitution problems for them. Give them time to evaluate the expressions and write it them the square where they put their correct value. Put the values in a bag and draw them out. Students circle the value you call out. First one to fill any three-in-a-row correctly wins.
2m + 3 when:
2(5 X) when:
Lesson Segment 2: What words indicate operations? How can mathematical symbols represent verbal expressions?
As I have been writing these algebraic expressions in our Bingo Game for you to copy, I have been saying these expressions with words. We need to be able to read math expressions using words, and we need to be able to write math expressions when we read the words.
Write the words for and read aloud the math expressions in the Bingo game again, this time read each using a variety of words which indicate the appropriate operation. For example the second expression could be read:
Ask students to write the words and the expression on the back of the Bingo worksheet. Then, have students work together with their team to think of different ways to write and read the expression, 3b.
Do Four-Corners where one person from each team goes to a designated corner to circle up and work with others to generate a list of words that indicate an operation.
Corner 1: person 1, make a list of words that mean add.
Corner 2: person 2, make a list of words that mean subtract.
Corner 3: person 3, make a list of words that mean multiply.
Corner 4: person 4, make a list of words that mean divide, and that suggest an exponent.
After five minutes in the corner generating a list of words, each person brings their list back to their team to share the words. Have students list their words on the journal page (attached).
Using the word lists and discussion, help students complete the 12 items below the lists on the journal page.
Lesson Segment 3: Practice using a game
Copy the attached Expressions Cards as a two-sided card stock page. Youll need one page for each group of four. Students will work with a partner to complete against an opponent pair. Each group is given a set of Expressions Cards (attached). The cards are shuffled and divided so that each pair gets half the cards- each person taking 6 cards. Each player takes a turn showing either side of a card they choose. Their opponents must tell what they think is on the other side of the card. If they tell correctly (even though they may use a different word for the operation or a different order in addition or multiplication), they get to place the card in their Expert pile. Disagreements or uncertainty can be decided by the teacher. When all cards have been shown and discussed, the pair with the most Expert cards win.
If needed, two players can play against one. Students should write each expression and its matching words from the cards when they get to put them in their Expert pile.
Assign any additional practice or application from text as needed.
observation, questions, game results
This lesson plan was created by Linda Bolin.