Social Studies - 4th Grade
Standard 2 Objective 1
Social Studies - 4th Grade
Standard 1 Objective 3
2 class periods of 30 minutes each
The student will be able to identify important elements of Goshute culture through their oral tradition.
The Goshutes have a long, rich oral tradition, and Goshute storytellers are highly respected members of their tribe for their role in transmitting knowledge. Several Goshute tales that have been passed down through generations include the character Coyote, a trickster figure that appears in the oral traditions of many western tribes. This lesson includes three Goshute Coyote stories: Pia Toya, Coyote and Frog, and "Coyote Eye-Juggler." Through these tales, students will see how Goshute storytellers use Coyote stories to perpetuate Goshute language, culture, and ties to place.
Prior to the lesson, explain the difference between written history, which is what many students grew up with, and oral history, which is what the Goshutes and other indigenous peoples relied on to perpetuate knowledge (see "oral history" entry in Appendix A (pdf)).
Read Pia Toya--A Goshute Indian Legend to the students. If you have access to the book, that is best. If not, you can make due with the excerpts on our website or the synopsis that is included in the teacher materials for this lesson. Pass out worksheets, and let students fill in the answers to the first set of questions. Talk through any questions they may have about Coyote and his "trickster" persona.
Have students watch Coyote and Frog. Have them answer the next questions on their worksheet. Discuss the differences between Coyote's behavior and Frog's behavior.
Give each student a copy of "Coyote Eye-Juggler." Have them read silently and answer the next set of questions on their own. Gather the class back together to discuss Coyote's behavior. Was it what they expected based on the first story? What lessons about behavior does this story teach? Can knowing the lessons hidden in the stories of a group of people tell us something about those people?
Discuss the Goshute lifestyle and why these stories would have been important and useful to the Goshutes. Have students finish the last set of questions on their worksheet.
Defa, Dennis R. "The Goshute Indians of Utah." In A History of Utah's American Indians. Ed. Forrest S. Cuch. Salt Lake City: Utah Division of Indian Affairs and the Utah Division of State History, 2000.
Papanikolas, Zeese. Trickster in the Land of Dreams. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1995.
Pia Toya -- A Goshute Indian Legend: Retold and Illustrated by the Children and Teachers of the Ibapah Elementary School. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2000.
The University of Utah's American West Center (AWC) produced the curriculum materials in consultation with the Utah Division of Indian Affairs, Utah State Office of Education, KUED 7, and the Goshute, Northwestern Band of the Shoshone, Southern Paiute, and Ute nations.