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Students will recognize the different types of soil and understand that through erosion from rocks is where we get soil. Students will have an understanding of rocks by observation and exploration and list at least five things that we use rocks and soil for. (Second indicator has been explored before, and there are many great ideas on water in Chapter Seven the 2008 Core Academy, and Chapter Eight from 2006.)
When looking to purchase rocks for your collections, Google "rocks and minerals" instead of just "rocks".
Children need to be taught to use all five senses to enjoy and explore the world around them. By teaching a child to look, listen, smell, hear, and even sometimes taste, you teach him/her wonders all around. Along with having an awareness for the world around them, students can learn to record and graph, allowing them to compare different attributes of the world they live in.
1. Demonstrate a positive learning attitude.
2. Understand and use basic concepts and skills.
3. Communicate clearly in oral, artistic, written, and nonverbal form.
Literacy: Go to the level library and look for nonfiction books on rocks and soil. Then use these in your guided reading. Read Sylvester and the Magic Pebble and have the children write their own story about what they would do if they found a magic pebble.
Math: Sort and classify rocks; always graph and compare them.
Invitation to Learn:
Start off by asking the question "Do you have a collection?" Then discuss what collections are and how fun it is to collect things. Show and discuss your rock collection.
There are web sites at which you can buy rock collections‐for example see http://www.rocksandminerals.com/boxed/boxed.htm (accessed 1‐9‐10).
Talk about mining and concrete, and make a list of things that we obtain from rocks.
The black sands of some islands are from volcanic rock.
Lesson and Activity Time Schedule:
60‐minute discussion and 30‐minute lab.
Activity Connected to Lesson:
Use the Soil and Rock Journal.
The Rock and Soil Journal (Black line included) would be filled out as the unit is in progress. Once completed, turn in as a final assessment. While students are completing journal, observe and watch to see their understanding of the concepts. Also, observe students understanding while comparing and graphing the rocks.