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Students will be able to see and describe changes in the daytime and nighttime skies.
The moon orbits the Earth as the Earth orbits the sun. We can see the moon most nights, and often during the day, too. The moon changes shape in a 29½ day cycle. The different shapes we see of the moon are called its phases.
You can see surface details on the Moon even in the daytime and you do not need any special equipment. Because the moon has no atmosphere, there are no moon clouds to spoil your view. The dark patches you see are lowlands; the brighter areas are highlands
1. Demonstrate a positive learning attitude.
2. Develop social skills and ethical responsibility.
5. Understand and use basic concepts and skills.
6. Communicate clearly in oral, artistic, written, and nonverbal form.
Language Arts VII and VIII; Math III
Invitation to Learn:
Ask students to list things that they can see in the daytime sky. What things can you see in the nighttime sky?
Daytime Sky/Nighttime Sky:
Lesson and Activity Time Schedule:
Activity Connected to Lesson:
Sundials have been used as timekeeping devices for thousands of years. Talk with students about the shadow activity you did. Ask, "What happened to shadows as the sun changed positions in the sky? What kind of path does the sun follow in the sky?" Now show them the sundial. Ask, "What do you think will happen if we placed this outside? Will this be able to help us know what time it is?" List predictions. Have each student make his or her own sundial. Place them outside. (You may need to tape them down.) Check them each hour throughout the day. Record findings on the sundial sheet. Talk about predictions that were made.
To make the sundials, students cut out the sundial and the pointer with numbers on it. The other one is extra. Fold the pointer on the dotted lines. Tape it on the sundial where the numbers indicate.
Assignments to do with parents: