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Phases of the Moon

Main Core Tie

Educational Technology - (Grades 3-5)
Standard 1

Additional Core Ties

Educational Technology - (Grades 3-5)
Standard 5

Science - 3rd Grade
Standard 1 Objective 2

Time Frame

2 class periods of 30 minutes each


Hollee Anderson
Karin Bradley
Kristy DeLange
Jacquelyn Frazee
Susan Garrett
Annette Hansen
Valene Harris
Nicole Larson
Noreen Malquist
Suzanne McKnight
LYNETTE Mickelsen
Sherrie Rigby


The students will learn about the phases of the moon by keeping a moon calendar for a month.




  • Moon Images
    This site is an excellencet resource for pictures of the moon

  • keyboards
  • Internet access
  • overhead of black moon phases calendar
  • a copy of moon phases calendar for each student
  • All About the Moon by Wes Lipschultz
  • Print out of attachment ( enlarge if possible.) You will want to display this in your classroom.

    Background for Teachers

    The teacher needs to have a knowledge of the phases of the moon and why the moon looks different during the month.

    Vocabulary: moon, model, sphere, orbit, axis, rotation, revolution, appearance, new moon, crescent, quarter moon, gibbous, full moon

    Student Prior Knowledge

    Good Keyboarding Skills

    Intended Learning Outcomes

    After viewing the moon calendar for the previous month the students will be given a calendar for the current month to take home to draw a picture of the moon each night. At the beginning of the next month the students will bring the calendar back to school. Once the moon phase calendar is filled in the students will then type the name of each phase of the moon in the calendar template.

    Instructional Procedures


    • Moon_Calendar.pdf
      Juab, Nephi Elementary, Mrs. Garrett, Mrs. Harris, Miss Malquist, Mrs. Winn 3rd; Moon Calendar.


    1. Lead the students in making a KWL chart about the Moon. (Keep this chart on display in your classroom during this unit of study.)
    2. Show the students the cover of the book All About the Moon by Wes Lepshultz. Have students make predictions about the book.
    3. Tell the students to listen carefully as you read the book for any new information that could be added to the KWL chart.
    4. Ask the students to list new information that they learned from the book and add it the KWL chart.
    5. Either take the students to the computer lab where they can access the Internet or access the Internet on the teacher computer with projector connected. View the Internet site "moon phases".
    6. Discuss the different phases of the moon with the students and why the moon looks different at different times of the month.
    7. Tell the students that they will taking home a phases of the moon calendar and each night they will look at the moon and draw a picture of what they see. If it is cloudy and they can't see the moon they will either leave it blank or write cloudy for that night. Tell the students that at the beginning of the next month they will bring the calendar back to school and use that calendar to finish a project.


    8. Have the student look at moon phases print out from the Internet and discuss the names of the phases.
    9. Ask the students to look at their moon phases calendar that they completed at home last month. Place the overhead of the moon calendar on the overhead projector. As a class complete the moon calendar by looking at the individual calendars and matching the drawing with the name of the moon phase listed on the poster.


    Read Moon Pie Adventure by Jimmy Zangwows. Then, read "Moon Over My Cookie" by Lindy Stauffer (Core Academy T.R.B. page 10-19) while devouring moon pies or other cookies.

    Assessment Plan

    Students will key in at least 20 night observations of the moon phases into the moon calendar template.

  • Created: 07/29/2003
    Updated: 02/03/2018