Safe work habits and methods of first aid
Background for Teachers
Accidents are prevented when safe work habits are practiced; at the same time, it is important to know what to do for an accident victim.
Most accidents fall into the following six categories: falls, cuts, fires/burns, choking, poisoning, electric shock. If an accident happens it is important stay calm, know first aid procedures and, if necessary, locate and use a fire extinguisher.
- To assess student knowledge, ask questions prior to the lesson - KITCHEN MANAGEMENT PRE-ASSESSMENT.
- Set up 15-20 safety hazards in one kitchen unit to introduce safety. Play a tape recording which spells out a secret mission (like those given on the old Mission Impossible TV program). Then, each student will quietly write down 15-20 safety hazards they see in one kitchen unit. See the list of safety hazards. Students/teacher will go over the hazards together.
- Have students complete the KITCHEN SAFETY SORT. Each unit is given an envelope with safe and unsafe sentences. They will sort them into two piles--a safe and unsafe pile. Then students and teacher discuss the sentences together. The sort covers falls, cuts, burns and choking.
- Each student could complete a copy of JULIE'S ELECTRICAL AND POISONOUS HAZARDS. Debrief aloud.
- List the six types of accidents on the board (falls, cuts, fires/burns, choking, poisoning, electric shock). Appoint one scribe per group. The students brainstorm various ways each accident could occur. Then, the teacher goes over the first aid procedures.
- Student volunteer(s) assist the teacher in demonstrating the abdominal thrust maneuver for a victim who is standing, all alone, and almost unconscious. A doll can be used to illustrate the procedure on an infant.
Content from: Food for Today by Kowtaluk and Kopan, Bennett & McKnight Publishing Co. 1990 pp. 192-207, 126-157