Health Education - 5th Grade
Strand 1: HEALTH FOUNDATIONS AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS OF HEALTHY SELF (HF) Standard 5.HF.4:
1 class periods of 30 minutes each
Students will get past misconceptions about people with disabilities through activities that create empathy for those with disabilities.
Mental Retardation- means that a person learns more slowly compared with most people. Sometimes they act and look differently than others their own age. May have trouble speaking, learning to write alphabet, learning to feed self. Most can work, have friends, and have fun just like everyone else.
Learning Disability- You can't tell by looking at them or talking to them. They may have trouble reading and writing. Sometimes when they look at a word, looks backward, or letters and words don't make sense.
Cerebral Palsy- People are born with it. Means that messages from the brain to the body get mixed up. Muscles may be rigid and spastic. Trouble walking, may be in a wheelchair, trouble talking and eating because their muscles won't do what they want them to do. Just as smart as anyone else.
Deafness- Some people can't hear at all, others can hear some things.
This lesson can be included in units on Self Acceptance/Acceptance of others/Diversity.
Pass out materials to all students.
You don't want to make someone feel bad, but sometimes when you see something different, you don't know how to act.
I want you to know more about people with disabilities so that you feel comfortable around them and can be their friend. We'll look at some today.
Define Mental Retardation and Learning Disability.
Model for students to hold their mirror at top of paper so that the paper is reflected in the mirror and they can see what they will write on paper.
Instruct them to write the alphabet WITHOUT looking at their paper, only looking in mirrir.
Tell students they are not allowed to talk or laugh during any of the activities.
Instruct students to open their copy of "The Friembly Bog".They will each read one sentence until finished.
Many with learning disabilities are smart too, but letters don't make sense to them.
Read translation. Point out the mix-ups between "b" and "d", backward words.
Define Cerebral Palsy.
Divide students into pairs. Each pair should have 1 pair of socks and 1 shirt.
Instruct one student to put socks on hands and the other to put the shirt on, leaving it unbuttoned. The student with the socks will attempt to button the shirt. Then students switch.
Teacher can walk around the room, observing each group.
Instruct students to look at their copy of American Manual Alphabet.
Review and practice letters with students.
Have each person write one word on a strip of paper and put them in a pile at front of room.
One student comes forward and takes a piece of paper. Student signs the word while others guess. Student who guesses correctly is next to choose and sign a word.
Wrap up: I hope you now will be able to have more understanding of people with disabilities. Ask for questions. Ask students how their feelings about people with disabilities have changed.
Assessment can take place as students discuss how feelings have changed about people with disabilities.