Anne Frank in the World, 1929 - 1945 Teacher Workbook

Genocidal Acts During The Twentieth Century

Year Victim Perpetrator UN Recognized
1904 Heroes of southern Africa
65,000 out of 80,00 killed
German Gov't Yes
1915-22 Armenians of Turkey Ottoman Empire Yes
1918-21 Jews living in the Ukraine
100,00 - 250,000 by pogroms
Ukrainian Yes
1932-33 Ukrainians
38 million by imposed famine
USSR Gov't No
1936-39 Soviet political dissenters
USSR Gov't No
1939-45 Jews of Europe 6 million Jews
5 million others including Gypsies, handicapped, homosexuals, and others
Nazi Gov't of Germany Yes
1950 - 59 Buddhists in Tibet Chinese Gov't No
1965 "Communists" in Indonesia
600,000 political opponents
Indonesian Gov't No
1965-1972 Hutus in African Nation of Burundi
100,000 - 300,000
The Tutsi Yes
1965- Present Guatemalan Indians Government Troops No
1966 Iho people of N. Nigeria Government Troops No
1971 Bengalis in East Pakistan
(now Bangladesh)
1-3 million
Pakistani Gov't No
1972 Ache Indians of Paraguay Paraguayan Gov't Yes
1975-1979 Cambodians
3 million
Pol Pot's
Khemer Rouge Gov't
1975-present Citizens of East Timor
Indonesian Troops No
1980-present Members of the Baha'i
religion in Iran
Gov't of
Ayatollah Khomeini
1991-Present Kurds of Iraq Iraqi Gov't No
1992-Present Muslims of Bosnia Croats and Serbs Yes

Genocide Is the deliberate destruction of a racial. religious. ethnic or national group. The United Nations drafted an International Genocide Treaty following World War I. It was approved in 1948. The United States ratified the treaty in 1988. The United Nations Genocide Treaty does not include mass killings of class, gender, or political groups which accounts for the lack of recognition on many of the acts listed. Current scholarship includes these groups.