Anne Frank in the World, 1929 - 1945 Teacher Workbook

Germany Timeline

1871 Germany becomes one nation.
April 20, 1889 Adolf Hitler is born in Austria.
Aug 1, 1914 Germany declares war on Russia.
August 3, 1914 Germany declares war on France.
August 4, 1914 Germany invades Belgium.
1914-1920 Hitler is in the German army and attains the rank of corporal.
Nov 11, 1918 Germany agrees to armistice. World War I ends.
Jan 19, 1919 First democratic election.
June 23, 1919 Germany accepts Versailles Treaty.
April 1, 1920 Hitler joins National Socialist German Workers Party.
Jan 30, 1933 Hitler is appointed Chancellor of Germany.
Feb 27, 1933 Reichstag fire in Berlin. Nazis unleash terror to ensure election results.
Mar, 1933 Fifty small concentration camps for political prisoners are established in the vicinity of Berlin.
March 23, 1933 First true political concentration camp opens at Dachau, near Munich.
March 27, 1933 Enabling Act - suspending civil liberties - is passed by Nazi dominated Reichstag.
April 1, 1933 Goebbels declares official boycott of Jewish shopkeepers, doctors, and lawyers.
April 11, 1933 Jewish civil servants and teachers are fired.
April 24, 1933 Gestapo is established.
May 10, 1933 Books by Jews and Nazi opponents are publicly burned.
Spring, 1933 Universities and the arts are 'cleansed' of Jewish influence.
Oct 19, 1933 Germany leaves the League of Nations.
June 30, 1934 'Night of the Long Knives' - Nazis purge leadership of Storm troops and opponents of Nazism.
Aug 2, 1934 Hitler is named president and commander-in-chief of the armed forces following the death of von Hindenburg.
March 16, 1935 Germany renews conscription in violation of Versailles treaty.
Sep 15, 1935 Nuremberg Laws passed declaring Jews are not German citizens.
Nov 15, 1935 Germany defines Jews: anyone with three Jewish grandparents: someone with two Jewish grandparents who identifies as a Jew.
Feb 4, 1936 David Frankfurter, young Jewish student, assassinates Wilhelm Gustloff, leader of the Nazi party, in Switzerland.
Mar 7, 1936 Germans march into the Rhineland which had been demilitarized according to the Versailles Treaty.
June 17, 1936 Himmler is appointed chief of German police.
Oct 25, 1936 Hitler and Mussolini form Rome-Berlin Axis.
July 16, 1937 Buchenwald Concentration camp opens.
March 13, 1938 Germany annexes Austria.
Nov 9, 1938 Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass); nationwide destruction of synagogues and Jewish owned shops.
March 15, 1939 Germany occupies Czechoslovakia.
Aug 23, 1939 Nonaggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union; Poland is divided between them.
Sep 1, 1939 World War II begins when Germany invades Poland.
April 9, 1940 Germany invades Denmark and Norway.
May 10, 1940 Germany invades Holland, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France.
May 20, 1940 Concentration camp is established at Auschwitz.
June 22, 1940 France surrenders to Nazis.
Aug 8, 1940 Battle of Britain begins.
Sep 12, 1940 Germany invades Romania.
Sep 27, 1940 Germany, Italy, and Japan form Axis pact.
Apr, 1940-41 Over 100,000 mentally ill and 'non-productive' elderly are exterminated in Germany.
Apr 6, 1941 Germany invades Yugoslavia and Greece.
June 22, 1941 Germany invades Soviet Union.
July 31, 1941 Rhinhard Heydrich is appointed by Goering to carry out 'Final Solution,' the extermination of all the Jews in Europe.
Sep 28, 29, 1941 Massacre of Jews at Babi Yar - ravine outside Kiev: 34,000 murdered.
Oct 23, 1941 Murder of 19,000 Jews in Odessa.
Oct, 1941 Birkenau camp is established: site of mass extermination of Jews, Gypsies, Poles, Russians, and others.
Dec 8, 1941 Chelmno extermination camp opens; 340,000 Jews, 20,000 Poles and Czechs are killed there by April 1943.
Dec 11, 1941 Germany and Italy declare war on the United States.
Jan 29, 1942 Wannsee Conference: Heydrich reveals official plan to exterminate all the Jews in Europe.
March 1, 1942 Extermination by gas begins in Sobibor extermination camp; by October, 1943, 250,000 killed.
March 17, 1942 Extermination begins in Belzec extermination camp; by the end of 1942, 600,000 killed.
March 1942 Deportations to Auschwitz extermination camp begins.
Jun 1, 1942 Treblinka extermination camp begins operation; by August 1943, 700,000 killed.
Feb 2, 1943 German advance in Russia is stopped at Stalingrad.
Mar 19, 1944 Germany occupies Hungary.
July 20, 1944 Group of German officers attempts to assassinate Hitler.
Nov 24, 1944 Himmler orders destruction of Auschwitz crematoria in attempt to destroy evidence of death camp.
Jan 17, 1945 Evacuation of Auschwitz; beginning of death march of camp inmates.
April 1945 Red Army enters Germany from the East; Allies enter from the West.
Apr 30, 1945 Hitler and Goebbels commit suicide.
May 7, 1945 Germany surrenders. World War II is over in Europe.
Nov 22, 1945 Nuremberg War Crimes Trials begin.