Anne Frank in the World, 1929 - 1945 Teacher Workbook
Women And Girls Under Nazi Rule
One of the aims of the Nazis was to deprive women of their freedom and the right to control their own lives. Many women were the victims of extreme violence and torture in the concentration and extermination camps.
The Nazis believed that a woman's place was in the home. The purpose of women was to produce babies, bring up children and to care for their home and husband. In the words of the famous Nazi slogan, women were to be confined to Kinder, Kirche, KŸche - children, church and kitchen. They were not allowed to take part in government, the law or education.
Before the Nazis took power, women had the vote and there were 30 women M.P.'s In 1921 the Nazis had banned all women from their own party leadership and party committees. Only 3% of the Nazi party were women. When the Nazis came to power in 1933, they threw out all the women MPs.
At the same time all married women doctors and civil servants and most married women teachers were sacked. They were banned from law courts as judges. lawyers and even as jurors. In Hitler's opinion,
Married women were supposed to have children, not jobs. Childless women were called traitors and mothers of large families were given a medal.
The school curriculum was changed so that girls mainly took domestic subjects. They were prevented from going to university. The government condemned make-up, fashion, nail varnish and slimness; in some cities the wearing of trousers by women was banned.
Boys were taught to be masters in the house. According to Nazi belief,
In Nazi society girls could look forward to only one future: